Издательство СО РАН

Издательство СО РАН

Адрес Издательства СО РАН: Россия, 630090, а/я 187
Новосибирск, Морской пр., 2

soran2.gif

Baner_Nauka_Sibiri.jpg


Яндекс.Метрика

Поиск по журналу

Химия в интересах устойчивого развития

2003 год, номер 1

Combustion and Processing of Rice Husk in the Vibrofluidized Bed of Catalyst or Inert Material

A. D. Simonov, T. I. Mishenko, N. A. Yazykov and V. N. Parmon
G. K. Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pr. Akademika Lavrentyeva 5, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russia), E-mail: A. D. Simonov@catalysis.nsk.su
Страницы: 277-284

Аннотация

In the present work, some data on catalytic combustion of one of the most widespread vegetative remainders – rice husk are adduced. The rice husk is used not only as a fuel, but also as a source of silicon for semiconductor industry, the synthesis of silicon carbides and silicon nitrides, etc. We studied the rice husk oxidation in the vibrofluidized bed of either a catalyst or an inert material in conditions allowing to reproduce with an adequate accuracy the data on scraps combustion in the dense and unloaded phase of the fluidized bed. It is found that the process of the rice husk combustion is localized completely in the bed of the catalyst. In the bed of an inert material the process occurs in a space above the bed; consequently, exhausts contain a fair quantity of CO. Studies on solid products of the rice husk combustion have shown that their texture is determined mainly by silica, which is contained in rice husk as amorphous silica SiO2 × nH2O. The adsorption ability of these solid products in respect to methylene blue (MB) is investigated. With increasing the process temperature, the value of limiting MB adsorption by the solid products passes through a maximum at the process temperature 600 °C. It is found that the values of the limiting MB adsorption for the solid combustion products in the bed of the catalyst exceed those for solid products obtained in the bed of an inert material. Under discussion are also some distinctions of the process of rice husk processing in the vibrofluidized beds of either catalyst or inert material.