Издательство СО РАН

Издательство СО РАН

Адрес Издательства СО РАН: Россия, 630090, а/я 187
Новосибирск, Морской пр., 2

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Яндекс.Метрика

Поиск по журналу

Химия в интересах устойчивого развития

2004 год, номер 1

Electrochemical Processing of Rare-Earth and Rare Metals by Using Molten Salts

Tsutomu Yamamura, Mazhar Mehmood, Hideki Maekawa and Yuzuru Sato
Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980–8579 (Japan)
E-mail: yamat@material.tohoku.ac.jp.
Страницы: 107-113

Аннотация

The electrochemical processing of rare-earth chlorides such as LaCl3, CeCl3, NdCl3, SmCl3 and DyCl3 in alkali chloride baths has been investigated in NaCl, KCl and eutectic LiCl_KCl by means of electrochemical transient methods. The thermodynamic behaviour of Ce–O–Cl and Fe–O–Cl systems is discussed in terms of electrode potential – pO2– diagram. Low current efficiency found in the case of Nd electrowinning has been attributed to the dissolution of Nd in the bath. The analyses of electrochemical measurement required the elucidation of the effects of the factors such as under-potential deposition, metal dissolution, moisture and oxygen partial pressure.