Издательство СО РАН

Издательство СО РАН

Адрес Издательства СО РАН: Россия, 630090, а/я 187
Новосибирск, Морской пр., 2




Поиск по журналу

Химия в интересах устойчивого развития

2005 год, номер 5

Removal and Stabilization of Chromium Ions from Industrial Effluents

Abdul Ghaffar
Pakistan Insitute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Health Physics Division,
P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan), E-mail: ghaffargreat@yahoo.com
Страницы: 669-675


Laboratory experiments were designed to investigate the removal of chromium ions from industrial effluent by stabilizing in silica sand, acting as adsorbents, to prevent leaching. Removal of chromium (III) ions from industrial effluents using silica sand (originated from the river of Ravi) was studied to optimize the physicochemical conditions for maximal removal. The range of pH and temperature was adjusted to achieve maximal removal of metal ions. The initial and final concentration of chromium was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The residual concentration of chromium in waste water after treatment was less than 1.0mg/1 which is the value recommended by National Environment Quality Standards (NEQS). Maximal removal (94-96%) of chromium is achieved with pH 10 and at a temperature of 28oC. Under optimized conditions within temperature range of 301-315K the values of DН, DS and DG301K for 100 ppm solution are (-94.41±0.48)kJ/mol, (-287.02±1.56)J/mol and (-7.93±0.60)kJ/mol, respectively, and for 150 ppm solution thermodynamic entities are DН=(-74.57±0.20)kJ/mol, DS=(-287.39±0.66) J/mol and DG301K=(-6.88±0.40)kJ/mol. The removal of chromium metal ions using silica sand is followed by its stabilization to minimize the desertion of sorbed metal ions under changed physiochemical conditions during final disposal. The stabilization was obtained by converting the silica sand along with the sorbed chromium ions into the glass matrix. Due to the large amount of glass network former in sand, it is cheap and proved as a promising basic material for glass. The characteristics of the matrix show no leachibility of chromium ions.