Издательство СО РАН

Издательство СО РАН

Адрес Издательства СО РАН: Россия, 630090, а/я 187
Новосибирск, Морской пр., 2

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Яндекс.Метрика

Поиск по журналу

Химия в интересах устойчивого развития

2012 год, номер 2

Comparison of the Forest Fertilizer Properties of the Ash Fraction from the Co-Firing of Peat and Forest Residues at a Large-Sized (246 MW) Combustion Plant of a Pulp and Paper Mill Complex

H. Nurmesniemi1, R. Poykio2, K. Manskinen3, R. L. Keiski4
1 Stora Enso Oyj
2 City of Kemi
3 University of Oulu, Mass and Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering
hannu.nurmesniemi@storaenso.com, risto.poykio@kemi.fi, kati.manskinen@storaenso.com, riitta.keiski@oulu.fi
Ключевые слова: Ash, fertilizer, fluidized bed boiler, forest residue, waste
Страницы: 235-242

Аннотация

The bottom ash and fly ash investigated in this study originated from the bubbling fluidized bed boiler at the large-sized (246 MW) combustion plant of a pulp and paper mill complex. Approximately 40 % of the energy produced by the boiler originated from the incineration of commercial peat fuel, and approximately 60 % from the incineration of clean forest residues (i.e. bark, woodchip and sawdust). Due to the low heavy metal concentrations (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Ni and Zn) in the bottom ash and fly ash, these residues are potential forest fertilizers as such. However, additional Ca is needed for the bottom ash, because its Ca concentration of 5.8 % (d.w.) was lower than the statutory Finnish minimum limit value of 6.0 % (d.w.) for Ca in forest fertilizers. Except for potassium, nutrients and heavy metals were enriched in the fly ash. Compared to the total phosphorous content, which was 0.2 % (d.w.) in the bottom ash and 1.3 % (d.w.) in the fly ash, the water soluble phosphorous content in both ashes was negligible (<0.01 %; d.w.). This finding is discussed on the basis of the minerals observed in the XRD data for the ashes, as well as on the grounds of findings reported by other researchers.